Skip to main content

Breastfeeding Basics for Healthy Babies

Contributors: Dayle Hayes, MS, RD

Published: August 01, 2021

Reviewed: June 13, 2023

Breast-feeding basics

It's no secret that breastfeeding offers several benefits for baby and mom. Multiple organizations, including the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, recommend babies be fed exclusively with breast milk for the first six months. Breast milk's unique antibodies help protect infants from numerous illnesses and diseases. Breastfeeding also helps reduce a nursing mother's risk of diabetes, breast and ovarian cancers and post-partum depression.

Breastfeeding has both environmental and economic benefits since it eliminates the cost and waste associated with formula production and plastic bottles. Depending on the formula brand, breastfeeding also may save your family $1,000 to $4,000 per year.

While breastfeeding is a natural way to feed a baby, new moms need information and support to be successful. Here are some steps to set you up for breastfeeding success.

Before Your Baby Arrives

The third trimester of pregnancy is a great time to learn about breastfeeding, so you can be informed and confident when the baby is born.

  • Take a breastfeeding class. Check availability at your hospital, doctor's office or Women, Infants and Children (WIC) clinic. Learn about community resources such as lactation consultants, so you'll know where to go with questions or concerns.
  • Read about it. Check out books and pamphlets from the clinic, hospital or library. The more you know, the more relaxed you'll be in your new role as a breastfeeding mom.
  • Prepare your home. Find a comfortable chair with good arm and back support. If you are comfortable and well supported, it will be easier to hold and nurse your baby.
  • Tell everyone about your plans to breastfeed. Let your family, friends, doctor, hospital nurses and pediatrician know your plan to give only breast milk to your baby and that you'll need their support.
  • Talk with your employer. Many businesses are required to allow nursing mothers time and a private space, other than a bathroom, to express their breast milk for the first year after pregnancy.

At the Hospital

Healthy newborns know how to find the breast and how to suckle. They just need plenty of snuggle time with mom to practice latching and help mom build up a good milk supply.

  • Start nursing as soon as possible after delivery. The best time to start is within the first hour after your baby is born, perhaps right in the delivery room. The first feeding will be short, about 10 minutes.
  • Room-in. When possible, having your baby with you, instead of in a nursery, allows you to respond to your baby's hunger cues immediately and can make your first days of nursing more successful.
  • Nurse on demand. Signs such as increased alertness or activity, rooting toward your breast or mouthing are signs your baby is hungry. Typically, crying is a late signal of hunger. The more milk your baby removes from your breasts, the more milk you will make. As reassurance, you can't "spoil" your baby by feeding on demand.
  • Ask for help. Most hospitals have a lactation specialist who can help you find solutions if you're experiencing difficulties with early breastfeeding.

During the First Year

Your breasts likely will make enough milk in response to your baby's growing needs. Most infants will need several feedings through the day and night, especially during the first few weeks — about eight to 12 times every 24 hours. That's because a newborn's stomach is small and because nutrient needs are exceptional during rapid growth and development. Frequent nursing helps establish your milk supply and keeps your breasts from becoming hard and swollen.

  • Relax and make yourself comfortable. Find a comfortable position in a supportive chair and you won't feel much tension in your neck, back and shoulders. Or lie down with pillows strategically positioned to help you support your baby.
  • Take care of yourself. Breastfeeding moms need plenty of nutrient-rich foods and fluids to maintain their stamina while producing milk. Make sure to get enough rest. Many moms take a nap while their babies sleep.
  • Turn to resources for support. If you need help figuring out how to breastfeed while working or going to school, or if you have an infant with special needs, check with your pediatrician, lactation specialist or a registered dietitian nutritionist.

While breastfeeding is nature's way of providing ideal nutrition for infants, the "art" of breastfeeding might not come as naturally. Like learning any new skill, the keys to success are knowledge, practice and the support of family, friends and perhaps coworkers and employers.

Kids Eat Right content is brought to you by the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics Foundation, the only charitable organization devoted exclusively to supporting nutrition and dietetics professionals. Because the Foundation relies solely on donations to thrive, the success and impact of its programs and services is directly attributed to the generous support of donors.

Find a Nutrition Expert

Looking for credible nutrition information and recommendations? The Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics' network of credentialed food and nutrition practitioners are ready to help!