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Vitamin D Deficiency in Kids

Reviewed by Vicki Shanta Retelny, RDN, LDN
Vitamin D Deficiency in Kids


Made in the body from exposure to sunlight, vitamin D plays an important role in bone health along with calcium. Vitamin D promotes the absorption of calcium and phosphorus and helps deposit these minerals in bones and teeth making them stronger and healthier.

The fortification of cow’s milk with vitamin D has virtually eliminated the risk of vitamin D deficiency in children. However, the rising consumption of juice and soft drinks in place of milk along with less play time outside is increasing the probability of deficiency among kids, which can lead to rickets or defective bone growth.

Children older than 1 need 600 IU of vitamin D every day. Make sure your child is getting enough vitamin D by including fortified milk with most meals. For example, one cup of fortified milk contains 100 IU. Fish such as salmon, mackerel and tuna, as well as egg yolks, fortified breakfast cereals and fortified non-dairy milks also contain vitamin D.

Talk with your child’s healthcare provider to determine if your child may need a vitamin D supplement.