Different Kinds of Lettuces and Greens

Reviewed By Taylor Wolfram, MS, RDN, LDN
different kinds of lettuce and greens

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Lettuce, a type of leafy green, is still one of the most commonly eaten veggies in the United States today. Leafy greens can be either dark or light in color and include types such as spinach, Romaine, kale, escarole, and endive. Mesclun, a mix of young salad greens, offers a variety of different types, including arugula, frisée and radicchio.

Dark-green leafy greens offer plenty of the antioxidant beta carotene, which helps to form vitamin A in the body and may help lower the risk for certain diseases. The darker the leaves, the more nutrient-rich the lettuce. For example, Romaine has seventeen times more vitamin A than iceberg lettuce. Some greens deliver folate, potassium and dietary fiber, too. Greens supply lutein, which contributes to good vision and may help protect your eyes from macular degeneration. The small addition of fat helps with the absorption of certain nutrients. Choose dressings made with oils more often, because they provide unsaturated fat, which is considered to be healthier than cream-based dressings.

Perk up your salad-making with more flavor, color and texture by mixing in different greens.

  • For a peppery flavor: arugula or watercress
  • For leaves that aren't green: red-and-white radicchio
  • For flavor with a "bite": chicory or escarole
  • For a mild flavor and delicate green color: mâche, Boston or Bibb lettuce
  • For a deep-green color: spinach
  • For a crisp texture: Romaine

Many leafy greens, such as spinach, kale and collard greens, also are well suited for cooking. Try sautéing them in a little oil, then season with spices, such as garlic and just a little salt and pepper. When cooked, greens usually will shrink down by half, so this is important to consider when planning meals.

Greens also can be added to soups, stews, casseroles and other dishes, too. For example, baby spinach leaves add a nice flavor and color when folded into an omelet. They also can be added toward the end when making a homemade soup. Kale can be baked into chips, which makes for a great tasting, healthy snack.

Look for different types of leafy greens at your local grocery store or farmers market. Be sure to wash and dry the leaves thoroughly before using and keep them refrigerated. Enjoy within a few days, as the leaves are likely to wilt or spoil if stored beyond that time frame.

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