Complete List of Cooking Temperatures

Reviewed by Barbara Gordon, RDN, LD
food thermometer in burger close up

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Don't rely upon sight, smell or taste alone to determine if your food is safe to eat. Make sure foods are cooked to a safe minimum internal cooking temperature. Use the Is My Food Safe? App and the chart below to learn about target temperatures for different foods. And, test the food with a food thermometer to make sure this temperature is reached.

Learn Proper Cooking Temperatures with Free App

This ad-free app has many useful features including the Is It Done Yet? safe cooking temperature guide. This feature provides the safe internal cooking temperatures for a wide variety of food items from leftover casseroles to chicken thighs. With this handy app and a food thermometer, you'll never need to guess if your food is cooked to a safe temperature.

Get more information on the Is My Food Safe? App.

Prevent Food Poisoning by Using a Food Thermometer

Ensuring foods reach this safe minimum internal temperature with a food thermometer is the only reliable way to ensure safety and to determine the doneness of cooked meats, poultry, egg dishes and leftovers.

Category

Food

Temperature

Ground Meat and Meat Mixtures

Beef, Pork, Veal and Lamb

160°F

 

Hamburgers (prepared as patties, meatballs, etc.)

160°F

 

Turkey and Chicken

165°F

Fresh Beef, Veal, Pork and Lamb

Steaks, Roasts and Chops*

145°F*

Poultry

Whole Chicken and Turkey

165°F

 

Poultry Breasts and Roasts

165°F

 

Poultry Thighs, Legs and Wings

165°F

 

Duck and Goose

165°F

 

Stuffing (cooked in bird or alone)

165°F

Pork

Fresh Pork*

145°F*

 

Fresh Ham (raw)*

145°F*

 

Precooked Ham (to reheat)**

140°F

Egg Dishes

Egg Dishes

160°F

 

Eggs

Cook until yolk and white are firm

Leftovers and Casseroles

Leftovers

165°F

 

Casseroles

165°F

Seafood

Fin Fish

145°F or until flesh is opaque and separates easily with a fork

 

Shrimp, Lobster and Crabs

Cook until flesh is pearly and opaque

 

Clams, Oysters and Mussels

Cook until shells open during cooking

 

Scallops

Cook until flesh is milky white or opaque and firm

Game Animals

Venison, Elk and Bison

160°F

Game Birds

Grouse, Guineafowl, Partridge, Squab (young pigeon), Quail, Pheasant, Ratites (emu, ostrich, and rhea), Wild Ducks, Wild Geese, Wild turkey, and other species

165°F

*Must reach an internal temperature of 145°F and allow to rest for at least 3 minutes before carving or consuming.

**Reheat cooked hams packaged in USDA-inspected plants to 140°F and all others to 165°F.

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