When the temperatures drop and the daylight hours are shorter, energy levels can take a big dip, right along with mood. Kids might be less active in the cold, winter months, making it extra important to focus on adequate nutrition this time of year. And while it hasn't been well-studied in children, kids could experience Seasonal Affective Disorder, which is a type of depression with a seasonal pattern, just like adults. Changes in mood, energy, focus, appetite and sleep are some common signs. These foods will help your kids stay healthy — and happy — this winter.
Amino acids such as tryptophan, tyrosine and glutamine that are the building blocks of protein in salmon and other protein sources produce the neurotransmitters that contribute to mood regulation. Emerging evidence links fish consumption with lower risk of depression. Salmon is packed with omega-3 fatty acids, which have been shown in some studies to help manage depression. What’s more, we need more research to confirm mental health benefits, but we already know that fish is an excellent heart-healthy source of protein. Some kids will eat salmon broiled or grilled — try using a marinade or sauce they love on other foods — or cut the fish into small pieces and make kebabs with veggies.
Clementines are an adorable winter citrus packed with vitamin C, which helps keep immune systems strong, and fiber. Kids love that they're usually seedless, easy to peel and fun to eat, making them perfect for school lunchboxes or snacks. You also can toss the sections into salads to make greens more appealing.
Winter squash is rich in vitamin A and carotenoids, which have been shown to benefit heart health and immunity while promoting healthy skin. They're also a good source of fiber, which helps keep blood sugar levels stable.Most winter squash varieties are naturally sweet, and what kid doesn't like sweet? Try roasting butternut squash and tossing with cinnamon and maple syrup. Offer spaghetti squash combined with your kid's favorite pasta sauce.
Another great source of fiber, sweet potatoes also are packed with vitamin A and potassium. Their mellow, sweet taste works in all kinds of recipes. Slice into thin "coins" and toss with canola or olive oil before roasting. Sweet potato puree also can be used in foods including macaroni and cheese, oatmeal and brownies. Try swapping in baked sweet potatoes as an alternative to french fries. Have your kids help with peeling so they're involved in the cooking.
This member of the cruciferous veggie family has been noted for its high phytochemical content and potential to help prevent cancer and inflammation. Cauliflower is delicious on its own but easily blends with other flavors. It's rich in vitamins C and K for a healthy immune system and healthy bones. But that's not all. Cauliflower also is a good source of folate, a B vitamin important for growth and development, while the fiber promotes stable energy levels and good digestion. Cauliflower is delicious roasted, but if your kid is averse to eating veggies, try making cauliflower "rice" in a food processor and adding it to stir-fries.