March is National Nutrition Month, when the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics reminds everyone to return to the basics of healthy eating. It is also the time of year when the Academy celebrates expertise of registered dietitian nutritionists as the food and nutrition experts.
The mention of school lunch conjures up all sorts of images. Whether it is a wonderful memory of a cafeteria staff person or a favorite meal, we all remember the time spent in the school cafeteria. The National School Lunch Program as we know it today was established in 1946 to provide students access to nutritionally balanced meals. The U.S. Department of Agriculture, or USDA, continues to fund the program and to assure that healthy lunches are affordable to all. Here's what you need to know about today's school lunch programs.
Who Makes the Rules?
Regulations regarding what kinds of foods schools should serve to students are prescribed by the USDA, and each state administers the program. In 2008, the Institute of Medicine reported that children who ate school lunches consumed few fruits and vegetables and high amounts of saturated fat and sodium. The concerning state of affairs prompted changes in the program. The 2010 Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act mandated updates to the meal prescriptions, which now include more fruits, vegetables and whole grains and less calories and sodium.
Times Have Changed
Indeed, it does seem that despite initial resistance to updates in the program by some foodservice directors, parents and especially students, the tide of public opinion has gradually changed. A study published in the journal Childhood Obesity found that 70 percent of elementary school leaders said students had warmed up to the new lunches and generally liked them. According to Wesley Delbridge, RDN, a spokesperson for the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics who also is the director of a school food and nutrition program in Arizona, healthier eating is reaching all demographics of students now. "More and more parents are paying attention to ingredients and how things are made, with a focus on consuming more fresh fruits and vegetables," he says. "School nutrition programs, such as my own, even have their own apps showing nutrition facts and ingredient listing for everything we serve."
The National School Lunch Program is touted as an important public effort to prevent obesity and improve children's eating habits, but does it deliver?
"As school nutrition programs continue to invest in healthier foods, they also need to invest in technology and communication methods with the parents," he says. "The more effort the parents see from the nutrition programs, the more they will begin to trust the 'school lunch.' Building customer loyalty can take time, but it is a needed investment."
If you're having trouble paying for your children's lunch, your family may be eligible for free or reduced cost lunch through the USDA. Income eligibility guidelines can be found on the USDA's website. If your family meets the income guidelines and you have not yet filled out an application, be sure to request one from the school. If your child has medical or other special dietary needs, talk to the school foodservice director about accommodations. Want to know more about what's happening in your child's school? Get to know your foodservice and nutrition staff!